.NET6之Mini API【二十、实体验证FluentValidation】

为了验证api post上来的数据的有效性,我们可以引入FluentValidation(详见

https://fluentvalidation.net)。在asp.net mvc中,使用的是模型验证,通过在实体类上添加特性达到验证效果。

FluentValidation的原理是通过实现AbstractValidator<T>来实现对T实体类的验证,通过不同折Rule来验证T中的属性(更多验证规则 ,参见官网),见如下实现:

public class Person

{

    public int Id { get; set; }

    public string Name { get; set; }

    public string Tel { get; set; }

    public string Email { get; set; }

    public DateTime Birthday { get; set; }

    public string IDCard { get; set; }

    public PersonAddress Address { get; set; }

}

public class PersonAddress

{

    public string Country { get; set; }

    public string Province { get; set; }

    public string City { get; set; }

    public string County { get; set; }

    public string Address { get; set; }

    public string Postcode { get; set; }

}

/// <summary>

/// Person验证

/// </summary>

public class PersonValidator : AbstractValidator<Person>

{

    public PersonValidator(IPersonService personService)

    {

        RuleFor(p => p.Name).NotNull().NotEmpty();

        RuleFor(p => p.Email).NotNull().EmailAddress();

        RuleFor(p => p.Birthday).NotNull();

        RuleFor(p => p.IDCard)

            .NotNull()

            .NotEmpty()

            .Length(18)

            .When(p => (DateTime.Now > p.Birthday.AddYears(1)))

            .WithMessage(p => $”出生日期为{p.Birthday},现在时间为{DateTime.Now},大于一岁,CardID值必填!”);

        RuleFor(p => p.Tel).NotNull().Matches(@”^(\d{3,4}-)?\d{6,8}$|^[1]+[3,4,5,8]+\d{9}$”).WithMessage(“电话格式为:0000-0000000或13000000000”);

        RuleFor(p => p.Address).NotNull();

        RuleFor(p => p.Address).SetValidator(new PersonAddressValidator());

        //通过调用外部方法来验证

        RuleFor(p => p.Id).Must(id => personService.IsExist(id)).WithMessage(p => $”不存在id={p.Id}的用户”);

    }

}

/// <summary>

/// Person Address验证

/// </summary>

public class PersonAddressValidator : AbstractValidator<PersonAddress>

{

    public PersonAddressValidator()

    {

        RuleFor(a => a.Country).NotNull().NotEmpty();

        RuleFor(a => a.Province).NotNull().NotEmpty();

        RuleFor(a => a.City).NotNull().NotEmpty();

        RuleFor(a => a.County).NotNull().NotEmpty();

        RuleFor(a => a.Address).NotNull().NotEmpty();

        RuleFor(a => a.Postcode).NotNull().NotEmpty().Length(6);

    }

}

在mini api引入FluentValidation也很简单,可以通过注入IValidator<T>实现,也可以注放AddFluentValidation,用IValidatorFactory来获取Validator来实现验证,代码如下:

using FluentValidation;
using FluentValidation.AspNetCore;
using System.Text;

var builder = WebApplication.CreateBuilder(args);
builder.Services.AddFluentValidation();
builder.Services.AddScoped<IValidator<Person>, PersonValidator>();
builder.Services.AddScoped<IPersonService, PersonService>();
var app = builder.Build();

app.MapPost("/person", async (IValidator<Person> validator, Person person) =>
 {
     var result = await validator.ValidateAsync(person);
     if (!result.IsValid)
     {
         var errors = new StringBuilder();
         foreach (var valid in result.Errors)
         {
             errors.AppendLine(valid.ErrorMessage);
         }
         return errors.ToString();
     }
     return "OK";
 });

app.MapPost("/person1", async (IValidatorFactory validatorFactory, Person person) =>
{
    var result = await validatorFactory.GetValidator<Person>().ValidateAsync(person);
    if (!result.IsValid)
    {
        var errors = new StringBuilder();
        foreach (var valid in result.Errors)
        {
            errors.AppendLine(valid.ErrorMessage);
        }
        return errors.ToString();
    }
    return "OK";
});

app.MapPost("/person2", async (IValidatorFactory validatorFactory, Person person) =>
{
    var result = await validatorFactory.GetValidator(typeof(Person)).ValidateAsync(new ValidationContext<Person>(person));
    if (!result.IsValid)
    {
        var errors = new StringBuilder();
        foreach (var valid in result.Errors)
        {
            errors.AppendLine(valid.ErrorMessage);
        }
        return errors.ToString();
    }
    return "OK";
});

app.Run();

public interface IPersonService
{
    public bool IsExist(int id);
}
public class PersonService : IPersonService
{
    public bool IsExist(int id)
    {
        if (DateTime.Now.Second % 2 == 0)
        {
            return false;
        }
        else
        {
            return true;
        }
    }
}

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